Camera Angles – Shot Types

Camera Angles – Shot Types

A guide to help you navigate the exciting world of video generation prompts.

The key to a successful video prompt is being specific and clear about your vision. The more details you provide, the better the AI can generate the video you have in mind. Video generation has recently taken great strides.

Here are two of the best video generators at this point in time.
Luma Dream MachineRunway Gen3


Wide Shot (WS)
Capture a broad view of the scene, ideal for establishing shots.

Medium Shot (MS)
Focus on a specific subject or group, providing more detail than a wide shot.

Close-Up (CU)
Zoom in on a subject’s face or a small object, perfect for emphasizing emotions or details.

Extreme Close-Up (ECU)
Zoom in even closer, often used for extreme detail or dramatic effect.

Over-the-Shoulder (OTS)
Capture a subject from behind another person, often used in conversations or interviews.

Point of View (POV)
Show the scene from a character’s perspective.

Dutch Angle
Tilt the camera for a dramatic or unsettling effect.

Bird’s Eye View
Shoot from a high angle, looking down on the subject or scene.

Worm’s Eye View
Shoot from a low angle, looking up at the subject or scene.

Dolly Shot
Move the camera towards or away from the subject while filming.

Move the camera horizontally to follow a subject or reveal more of the scene.

Move the camera vertically to follow a subject or reveal more of the scene.

Change the focal length of the lens to make the subject appear closer or further away.

Rack Focus:
Shift the focus from one subject to another within the same shot.


Tracking Shot
Follow a subject as they move through the scene.

Crane Shot
Move the camera up or down using a crane or jib.

Handheld Shot:
Use a handheld camera for a more dynamic, documentary-style look.

Steadicam Shot
Use a camera stabilizer for smooth, fluid movement.

Drone Shot
Capture aerial footage using a drone.


Natural Light
Utilize the sun or other natural light sources.

Artificial Light
Use artificial lighting, such as lamps, LEDs, or studio lights.

High Key Lighting
Bright, even lighting, often used in commercials or product shots.

Low Key Lighting
Dim, dramatic lighting, often used in film noir or horror genres.

Three-Point Lighting
A standard lighting setup using a key light, fill light, and back light.


Focal Length
Choose a wide-angle lens for a broader view or a telephoto lens for a more zoomed-in look.

Control the depth of field with a wide aperture (low f-stop) for a shallow depth of field or a narrow aperture (high f-stop) for a deep depth of field.

Shutter Speed
Adjust the shutter speed to control motion blur or freeze action.

Set the camera’s sensitivity to light, balancing between noise and exposure.


Color Grading
Apply a specific color palette or mood to the footage.

Film Grain
Add a vintage or retro look with simulated film grain.

Aspect Ratio
Choose a specific aspect ratio, such as 16:9 for widescreen or 4:3 for a more square look.

Black & White
Convert the footage to black and white for a classic or dramatic effect.